Awo ano a wosiw

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Nhwɛsode:Infobox interventions Awo ano a wosiw, a wɔsan frɛ no contraception ne awo ho anohyeto, yɛ akwan anaa nnwinnade a wɔde siw nyinsɛn kwan.[1] Awo anosiw a wɔyɛ ho nhyehyɛe, wɔma ɛwɔ hɔ na wɔde di dwuma yɛ nea wɔfrɛ no abusua kɛse ho nhyehyɛe.[2][3] Wɔde akwan a wɔfa so siw awo ano adi dwuma fi tete, nanso akwan a wɔfa so yɛ no kwan pa so bae wɔ afeha a ɛto so aduonu mu.[4] Aman binom de anohyeto ma anaa wɔnnhyɛ awo anosiw ho nkuran esiane sɛ wɔte nka sɛ enye wɔ abrabɔ, ɔsom anaa amammui mu nti.[4]

Akwan a etu mpɔn a wɔfa so siw awo ano ne abawo tumi a wɔsɛe denam oprehyen wɔ mmarima mu ne awotwaa no fa bi a wɔkyekyere wɔ mmea mu,adwinnade a wɔde hyɛ awotwaa mu IUD, ne adwinnade a wɔde hyɛ nipaduam siw awo ano. Nea wɔyɛ wɔ eyi akyi yɛ akwan a wɔde nipaduam nnuru di dwuma a ebi ne topae a wɔnom, akwan, ɔbea ase kawa, ne mpaane. Akwan a entu mpɔn pii bi ne awode mu nsu a wosiw ano tekɔndɔm, diaphragm ahorow ne sapɔw ahorow a wɔde siw awo ano ne abawo ho nkyerɛkyerɛ. Akwan a entu mpɔn koraa bi ne aduru a ekum barima ho nsu ne awode a woyi fi ɔfoforo de mua barima no yɛ ansa nane ho aba. Ɛwom sɛ awo tumi a wɔsɛe tu mpɔn de nanso sɛ obi yɛ a, ɔrentumi nsan nkɔ dedaw mu bio; wɔ akwan ahorow a aka mu no, obi betumi asan akɔ ne dedaw mu ntɛm ara.[5] Nna mu bammɔ, te sɛ nea wɔde barima anaa mmea kɔndɔm di dwuma nso betumi asiw nna mu yare ano.[6][7] Awo a wosiw ano wɔ nna akyi betumi asiw awo ano nnafua kakra wɔ nna akyi.[8] Ebinom bu nna mu ayɔnkofa a wonnya sɛ ɔkwan a wɔde siw awo ano, nanso ɛno nkutoo ho nkyerɛkyerɛ betumi ama mperewa nyinsɛn akɔ soro bere a wɔkyerɛkyerɛ ɛno nkutoo a wɔmfa awo anosiw nnuru biara nnka ho no.[9][10]

mmabun a wonnii mfe aduonu mu no, wɔn nyinsɛn nta mmfa nsunsuanso papa mma. Nna ho nkyerɛkyerɛ a ɛkɔ akyiri ne awo anosiw ho nnuru a wɔde ma brɛ nyinsɛn a wɔmpɛ ase wɔ mmabun yi mu.[11][12] Ɛwom sɛ mmabun tumi de awo anosiw kwan biara adi dwuma de nanso[13]nea ɛbɛyɛ adwuma akyɛ a obi betumi asan akɔ dedaw mu te sɛ nea wɔde hyɛ nipaduam, IUD, anaa ɔbea ase kawa yɛ nea edi dwuma yiye de te mperewanyinsɛn so.[12] Bere a ɔbea awo akyi no, sɛ ɛnyɛ nufusu nkutoo na ɔde ma akokoaa no a, obetumi asan anyinsɛn wɔ nnawɔtwe anan kosi asia ntam. Awo anosiw akwan bi wɔ hɔ a wobetumi afi ase wɔ awo akyi pɛɛ, bere a afoforo de ebehia sɛ wɔtwentwɛn so kakra bɛyɛ bosome asia akyi. Wɔ mmea a wɔma nufusu fam no, progestin nkutoo akwan yɛ nea wɔpɛ sen atopae a wɔnom de siw awo ano. Wɔ mmea a wɔadu bra twa mu no, wɔhyɛ nyansa sɛ wɔbɛkɔ so asiw awo ano afe biako bere a wɔatwa bra no akyi.[13]

Mmea bɛyɛ ɔpepem ahanu aduonu abien a wɔmpɛ sɛ wɔfa afuru a wɔwɔ aman a wonni bi yɛ nea wɔmfa akwan a aba so nsiw awo ano.[14][15] Awo anosiw wɔ aman a wonni bi mu abrɛ nkwa a wɔhwere wɔ awo mu anaa awo akyi bɛyɛ ɔha mu nkyekyem aduanan(bɛyɛ nnipa mpem ahanu aduosɔn a anka wɔbɛhwere wɔn nkwa) na ebesiw ano ɔha mu nkyekyem aduosɔn sɛ wotumi de awo anosiw akwan no ma sɛnea ɛsɛ a.[16][17] Denam awo ntam a wɔma emu twe no, awo anosiw betumi ama mmea awo ayɛ nea ɔhaw nnim na ɛma wɔn mma nso tena nkwa mu.[16] Wɔ aman a wonni bi mu no, mmea akatua agyapade,wɔn mu duru, ne wɔn mma sukuukɔ ne wɔn akwanhosan nyinaa yɛ nea anya nkɔanim esiane awo anosiw a wɔyɛ nti.[18] Awo anosiw ma nkɔso wɔ sikasɛm mu esiane sɛ wonni mma pii a wɔbɛhwɛ wɔn na mmea pii tumi de wɔn ho hyɛ nnwuma mu, na wɔde nneɛma di dwuma kwan pa so.[18][19]

Nsεm afoforo[sesa | edit source]

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  2. Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. June 2012. 
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