Flora Nwapa

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Florence Nwanzuruahu Nkiru Nwapa (abodin: /ˈflɔːrə/Nhwɛsode:IPAc-en /ŋˈwpɑː/Nhwɛsode:IPAc-en) (13  Ɔpɛpɔn 1931 – 16 Ahinime 1993) a na wɔtae frɛ no Flora Nwapa, na ɔyɛ Alata ni baa wɔ hu no ɔkandifo sɛ ɛba no nwoma atwerɛAfrican literature. Wɔyɛ ɔbaa ɔdi kan sɛ ɛba no Enyiresi Brɔfo nwoma twerɛ  na ɔnyaa abɔdin  wɔ ɛho ,[1] ne nwoma a  ɛdi kan Efuru baa afe 1966 Heinemann Educational Books na otimtim. Na wonhu ne ho sɛ  obi a na ɔreko ma mmaa mputuo nso  ɔgyee ne din wɔ san kwan yi so aberɛ ɔresesa kwan a Ibo mmaa hunu nneɛma .[2]

Nwapa nso ka wɔn a ɔmo boa ma osisie Alata ɛberɛ a Biafra ntɔkwa no twaa. Wɔne nnyanka ɛne nkurofoɔ ntɔkwa no nti wɔn ni baabi te na ɛyɛɛ adwuma.  Afei nso ɔtwerɛ nnwoma bebree a ɛboa >Abibre mmaa mputuo .[3] Na ɔyɛ obaa ɔdi kan aberɛ a wobue Tana Press    afe 1970s.

Mfe edikan ne nwomasua[sesa | edit source]

Wɔwoo Nwapa wɔ  Oguta,[4] ,ɛwɔ  Alata  anafoɔ-apue na ɔye piese ma   Owura Krisofa  Igyeoma  ( ɔdwumani wɔ United Africa Company) ne Mata Nwapa,  ɔkyerɛkyerɛni a ɔkyerɛ yikyerɛ wɔn mma nsia no mu  .[5] Flora Nwapa kɔɔ sukuu wɔ Oguta, Port Harcourt ne Lagos. Flora nyaa na abodin  BA degree wɔ Ibadan Suapɔn mu, wɔ afe1957. Afei ɔkɔɔ  Skotland kɔɔ sukuu wɔ Endibra Suapɔn mu na ɔnyaa abɔdin  Diploma in Education from wɔ afe 1958.

Adekyerɛ ne Abandwuma[sesa | edit source]

 Nwapa firi Enyiresi baa Alata  no ɔhy aduma ase wɔ Nwomasua Asoeɛ  wɔ Kalaba sɛ Nwomasua Dwumayɛni kɔsi afe  1959. Afei ɔbɛyɛɛ ɔkyerɛkyerɛni wɔ Queen's School in Enugu, wɔkyerɛɛ firi afe 1959)

Atwerɛ[sesa | edit source]

Nwapa nwoma a ɛdi , Efuru, baa afe 1966 na wohu saa nwoma sɛ ɛyɛ adikanfo sɛ brofo nwoma a Abibire mu ɔbaa twerɛ. Saa nwoma yi  ɔde Alata ni barima a na ɔno nso ɔtwerɛnwoma a na wagye ne din a wɔfrɛ no Chinua Akyebɛ  wɔ afe1962.  Akyebɛ nso di anigyeɛ twerɛɛ de sika mpo mane no sɛ wonfa nkɔ ma wɔn adumakuo Heinemann wɔtimtim krataa wɔ brɔfo mu .[6] [7]

Wei akyiri no ɔtwerɛɛ Idu (1970), Never Again (1975), One is Enough (1981), and Women Are Different Wɔtwerɛɛ (1986) nwoma mmienu a na ɛwɔ anansesɛm bebree   Nhwɛsode:SndThis Is Lagos (1971) and Wives at War (1980) Nhwɛsode:Sndand the volume of poems Cassava Song and Rice Song (1986).  Watwerɛ mmofra anasesem bebree.


Afe 1974 wɔtee Tana  Press wɔ 1977 wɔtee Nwapa Company, a  detwerɛ mmofra anasesem bebree a na  ɛyɛ ɔnoa na atwerɛ ne nea amanfoɔ atwerɛ .[8] Botae a na ɛsi n'ani so ne sɔ  ɔbekyerɛ mmaa ne wɔn aɔko ma mmaa yidie.  (both with capital F and mall f) about the role of women in Nigeria, their economic independence, their relationship with their husbands and children, their traditional beliefs and their status in the community as a whole".[9] Tana has been described as "the first press run by a woman and targeted at a largely female audience. A project far beyond its time at a period when no one saw African women as constituting a community of readers or a book-buying demographic."[10]

Mfie a etwa to[sesa | edit source]

Nwapa adekyerɛ adwuman no toa so aberɛ a ɔkokyerɛ wɔ kɔ  kyerɛ adeɛ wɔ Suapɔn bebree mu ɛbi ne  New York University, Trinity CollegeNhwɛsode:Dn, the University of Minnesota, the University of Michigan and the University of Ilorin.

Flora Nwapa wuie wɔ  Ahimime bosome da 1 6 wɔ afe  1993 wɔ  Enugu Ayaresabea,wɔ Alata  na wadi mfie 62 Awɔ yareɛ na ɛkum no .[11]

Nwuma ahoroɔ[sesa | edit source]

  • Efuru, Heinemann Educational Books, 1966; Waveland Press, 2013, ISBN 9781478613275
  • Idu, Heinemann African Writers Series, No. 56, ISBN 0-435-90056-0; 1970
  • Never Again, Enugu: Tana Press, 1975; Nwamife, 1976; Africa World Press, 1992, ISBN 9780865433182
  • One Is Enough, Enugu: Flora Nwapa Co., 1981; Tana Press, 1984; Africa World Press, 1992, ISBN 9780865433229
  • Women are Different, Enugu: Tana Press, 1986; Africa World Press, 1992, ISBN 9780865433267
  • This Is Lagos and Other Stories, Enugu: Nwamife, 1971; Africa World Press, 1992, ISBN 9780865433212
  • Cassava Song and Rice Song, Enugu: Tana Press, 1986
  • Wives at War and Other Stories, Enugu: Nwamife, 1980; Flora Nwapa Co./Tana Press, 1984; Africa World Press, 1992, ISBN 9780865433281
  • The Adventures of Deke, Enugu: Tana Press, 1986
  • Emeka, Driver's Guard, London: University of London Press, 1972; Enugu: Flora Nwapa Company, 1987
  • Mammywater, 1979; Enugu: Flora Nwapa Company, 1984
  • Journey to Space, Enugu: Flora Nwapa Company, 1980
  • The Miracle Kittens, Enugu: Flora Nwapa Company, 1980
  • The Adventures of Deke, Enugu: Flora Nwapa Co., 1980

Abodin [sesa | edit source]

Woayɛ, ɛmade by Onyeka Nwelue,[12] that premiered in August 2016.[13][14][15]

Hwehwɛ wei nom nso[sesa | edit source]

  • Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
  • Buchi Emecheta
  • Rosemary Esehagu
  • Karen King-Aribisala
  • Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani
  • Taiwo Odubiyi
  • Ifeoma Okoye
  • Chinelo Okparanta
  • Ukamaka Olisakwe
  • Helen Ovbiagele
  • Lola Shoneyin
  • Adaora Lily Ulasi

References[sesa | edit source]

  1. Margaret Busby, "Flora Nwapa", Daughters of Africa: An International Anthology of Words and Writings by Women of African Descent (1992), Vintage: 1993, p. 399.
  2. Susan Leisure, "Nwapa, Flora", Postcolonial Studies @ Emory, Emory University, Fall 1996.
  3. Literary Encyclopedia
  4. Hamilton, Janice, Nigeria in Pictures, p. 71.
  5. "Interesting Things About Flora Nwapa, Nigeria’s First Female Novelist", Information Nigeria, 1 March 2013.
  6. Ainehi Edoro, Flora Nwapa and the Letter That Changed Nigerian Literature Forever, thejournalist.org.za, retrieved March 2017
  7. Ezenwa-Ohaeto, Chinua Achebe: A Biography,p. 93, ISBN:0253333423 (ISBN-13:9780253333421), via google-books
  8. Hans M. Zell, "Publishing and Book Development in Africa: A Bibliography" (Studies on Books and Reading, UNESCO), p. Nhwɛsode:Nbsp4.
  9. "Frankfurt Book Fair 1980", Flora Nwapa interviewed in The African Book Publishing Record, Vol.
  10. "Flora Nwapa and the Letter That Changed Nigerian Literature Forever", Brittle Paper, 3 Nhwɛsode:NbspFebruary 2016.
  11. Brenda F, Berrian, "In Memoriam: Flora Nwapa (1931–1993", Signs, Vol. Nhwɛsode:Nbsp20, No. Nhwɛsode:Nbsp4, Postcolonial, Emergent, and Indigenous Feminisms (Summer 1995), pp. Nhwɛsode:Nbsp996–999.
  12. Wealth Ominabo Dickson, Interview with Onyeka Nwelue, Premium Times, 18 Nhwɛsode:NbspAugust 2016.
  13. Cheta Igbokwe, "Onyeka Nwelue’s ‘House of Nwapa’ Documentary Film Premiers in Zimbabwe", State Reporters, 28 August 2016.
  14. Abubakar Adam Ibrahim, "‘Why I made a documentary on Flora Nwapa’", Daily Trust, 2 October 2016.
  15. Ikhide R. Ikheloa, "Flora Nwapa and the house that Onyeka Nwelue built for her", Ikhide blog, 27 November 2016.

Mpensɛnpɛnmu[sesa | edit source]

  • Adeola, James (ed.), In Their Own Voices, African Women Writers Talk, Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1990.
  • Andrade, Susan Z., "Rewriting History, Motherhood and Rebellion", Research in African Literatures 21. (1990): 91-110.
  • Ezeigbo, Theodora Akachi, "Traditional Women’s Institutions in Igbo Society: Implications for the Igbo Female Writer", Languages and Cultures 3. (1990): 149-65.
  • Githaiga, Anna, Notes on Flora Nwapa's "Efuru", Nairobi: Heinemann Educational Books, 1979.
  • Ikonne, Chidi, "The Society and Woman’s Quest for Selfhood in Flora Nwapa’s Early Novels". Kunapipi 6. (1984): 68-78.
  • Nzegwu, Femi, Love, Motherhood and the African Heritage: The Legacy of Flora Nwapa, African Renaissance Foundation (paperback 2003), ISBN 1-903625-09-2
  • Ogunyemi, Chikwenye Okonjo, Africa Wo/Man Palava, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
  • Umeh, Marie, Emerging Perspectives on Flora Nwapa: Critical and Theoretical Essays, Africa World Press (1998), ISBN 0-86543-515-4
  • Wilentz, Gay, Binding Cultures, Black Women Writers in Africa and the Diaspora, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992.